Why is Foot Care so Important For Diabetics?

Your feet are an important part of your daily life, but they are also often a neglected part of the body. We don't think to inspect our feet daily for cuts, scrapes or blisters. It's usually once something has already developed and is painful, that we take any action.

But what if you don't feel pain in your feet?

This is an issue that many people living with diabetes will face.

Foot care is especially important if you have diabetes. Diabetes can reduce blood flow to your feet an cause nerve damage. Without proper attention and care, a small injury can develop into an open sore that can be difficult to treat. Sometimes amputation is necessary if an infection severely damages the tissue and bone.

Daily Foot Care

As always, prevention is the best medicine.

A good daily foot care routine will help keep your feet healthy.

Wash your feet daily with lukewarm water and soap.
Dry your feet, especially between your toes!
Keep the skin supple with moisturizing lotion.
Do Not apply it between the toes!
Check your feet for blisters, cuts, sores, etc.
Seek medical attention if you find something wrong.
Use an emery board to shape toenails even with ends of toes.
Change socks daily into clean, soft socks or stockings.
Keep your feet warm and dry.
Always wear shoes that fit well and are appropriate for the weather or activity.
Never walk barefoot indoors or outdoors
Examine your shoes for cracks, pebbles or anything that could hurt your feet.

Common Diabetic Foot Problems

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Diabetic Do's and Don't


• Wear well-fitting shoes. They should be supportive, have low heels (less than five centimetres high) and should not rub or pinch. Shop at a reputable store with knowledgeable staff who can professionally fit your shoes.

• Buy shoes in the late afternoon (since your feet swell slightly by then).

• Wear socks at night if your feet get cold.

• Elevate your feet when you are sitting.

• Wiggle your toes and move your ankles around for a few minutes several times a day to improve blood flow in your feet and legs.

• Exercise regularly to improve circulation.

• Inspect your feet daily and in particular, feel for skin temperature differences between your feet.


• Use over-the-counter medications to treat corns and warts. They are dangerous for people with diabetes.

• Wear anything tight around your legs, such as tight socks or knee-highs.

• Ever go barefoot, even indoors. Consider buying a pair of well-fitting shoes that are just for indoors.

• Put hot water bottles or heating pads on your feet.

• Sit or cross your legs for long periods of time.

• Smoke. Smoking decreases circulation and healing, and significantly increases the risks of amputation.

• Wear over-the-counter insoles - they can cause blisters if they are not right for your feet.

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Prevention is the key to avoid diabetic foot complications!